All examples provided in this guide are based on the official style guidelines outlined in the MLA Handbook:
For additional examples related to formatting papers, in-text citations, Works Cited lists, and annotated bibliographies in MLA Style, try these Web sites:
This Guide was adopted from the MLA Guides done by the Librarians at the McConnell Library at Radford University and the Val A. Browning Library at Dixie State College.
7th Edition Updates to MLA Style
Significant updates were made to MLA style guidelines effective April, 2009. They are:
- Use italics, not underlining
- URLs are unnecessary (but they may be added if you think the information is helpful)
- Continuous pagination doesn't matter - instead, always include volume and issue when citing a scholarly journal article
- Add the medium (format) of the publication being cited (e.g. "Print" or "Web")
- Abbreviations will be used to acknowledge missing details within citations for online publications ("n.d." for no date, "N.p." for no publisher, "n. pag." for no pagination, "n.p." for no place of publication)
Adapted from: OWL at Purdue University.